Corruption weakens and threatens Nigeria and Nigerians. It is an existential enemy. To effectively and successfully fight corruption, we need to fully understand and appreciate what it is. The different forms and motivations, and why corruption exists in such depth and scale, in Nigeria.
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- Corruption is behavioural and motivated by greed.
- Corruption is at the root of disunity and dysfunction in Nigeria: it exists in our politics; it exists in our various communities; it is everywhere in our daily transactions for business and consumption; it limits our individual and national potential.
- Corruption is responsible for why public health care and education are of poor quality in Nigeria; why public transportation fails; why the supply of electricity, water, sanitation, and the supply of basic necessities (that people in other countries take for-granted) fail; why our roads are so bad and why we continue to ‘pay more for less’, for essential goods and services.
- Corruption threatens intellectual property-rights; limits ideas to markets; and frustrates enterprise.
- Corruption in Nigeria is ‘grand’ and at ‘state-capture’ proportions.
- Corruption erodes confidence in our political, regulatory, legal/judicial, social and economic structures and systems and creates an atmosphere of mutual suspicion, distrust and confusion to feed into and fuel national disunity; and most Nigerians are uninspired.
- Corruption in Nigeria is deep and complex.
- While the current government can take some credit for highlighting Corruption, its response is not addressing the root causes of corruption in Nigeria. Its anti-corruption is not people-led.
- Corruption hurts all Nigerians, but, the masses and ordinary Nigerians continue to suffer the most from the ‘opportunity costs’ to human development and economic empowerment.
- Inability of Nigeria to properly account for; and to socially protect and secure all Nigerians.
- Lack of consideration for fellow Nigerians and the very bad behaviour of some Nigerians motivated by extreme greed.
- ordinary Nigerians who are vulnerable victims, compromised on either sides of day to day encounters and transactions trying to eke out a living.
- Culture of sycophancy, mediocrity, cronyism, tokenism and materialism; and social acceptance and normalisation of Corruption.
- Patronage and loyalty ‘protective’ networks in conflict with the national interest and socioeconomic goals of Nigeria.
- Economy that depends heavily on ‘rent’ from oil and gas; and the entitlement behaviour that it promotes and supports (national cake sharing).
- Administrative bureaucracy with so much opaque discretionary powers.
- A large informal sector of cash-based transactions and a large almost parallel ‘dark’ economy.
- Weak institutions, systems and poor regulatory reinforcement to promote and reinforce good behaviour in the production and supplies of goods and services.
- Weak data-systems on Nigerians and property assets; and absence of self-assessment for paying fair share of tax.
- Low level of ‘ownership’ of Nigeria by Nigerians.
- The illicit activities of multinationals, corporate politicians and speculators operating in straddle in Nigeria and global accommodating spaces.
- ANN government will take a holistic approach to tackle the root causes influencing behaviour; and the structural and systemic issues in Nigeria. We will align our overall anti-corruption strategy with global institutions; Nigeria’s National Security Strategies; and Nigeria’s Social and Economic Strategy for inclusive economy that creates millions of decent tax-paying jobs.ANN government will integrate anti-corruption into national development strategies to effectively convert the current corruption-challenge into Opportunity for innovation. ANN government’s approach will be both ideological and strategic; and pragmatic and programmatic.
ANN government will implement a compelling and achievable national ambitious social and economic roadmap with clearly defined responsibilities and deliverable timelines. This will lay the foundation for the transformation of Nigeria into one of the best countries in the world, in 10 to 20 years.
This will unite, mobilise, motivate and inspire Nigerians for national service to achieve a just and peaceful country of opportunities for all.
The strategic response of ANN government against corruption will focus on creating the environment to enable Nigerians, to take pride in expressing good behaviour based on values. This will provide ANN government with the moral authority and credibility to interlock, Prevention, Deterrent and Punishment and Recovery of the proceeds of Corruption, in the fight against corruption.
The integrated strategies for anti-corruption environment that ANN government will pursue in collaboration with the Legislature, will include:
- Organising, strengthening and securing registration and information systems on Nigerians ethically and legally; and on properties, transactions, etc., in Nigeria, by deploying appropriate and secure technology applications and platforms for public and privileged access, as the case and classification, would determine.
- Strengthen information communication systems; and to ‘unite and inspire’ Nigerians.
- Improve quality and access (available and affordable) to Public Services (health, education, transportation, housing, utilities, etc.).
- Facilitate in partnership with social sector organisations, online interactive citizens-led corruption monitors and information communication.
- Reform the Civil Service i.e. the “Administrative State” (to be performance and results-driven) and deploy appropriate and secure technology. Review salaries and pay-gaps, benefits and working conditions of Civil Servants to align with social and economic benchmark and targets; and with the overall objectives and goals of driving local value chains.
- Strengthen Public Procurement laws and introduce procurement databank and consolidate procurement of common goods and services ‘under one roof’ linked to qualitative and quantitative performance measures.
- Reform labour markets addressing issues limiting value and supply chains.
- Expand, deepen and strengthen Social Insurance and Social Security Systems.
- Strengthen partnerships with Labour Unions and professional bodies.
- Support investigative journalism and freedom of information. The National Television Authority (NTA) and other government media can play important investigative and information roles.
- Promote free-speech that is fact-based and not incendiary or hate.
- Build high impact and high performance Social Development Project for Nigerians.
- Design and deploy effective whistleblowing strategies pivoted on patriotism.
- Introduce a compulsory module in the National Curriculum on Values: graduated for primary, secondary, tertiary and continuing education.
- Reform anti-corruption agencies to link-up and scale-up prevention (the budgetary and procurement process); deterrents; and prosecution and recovery capacities.